Bread Machines – What Determines Baking Time

bread baking time

Bread baking is an intricate transformation process through which numerous coupled physical phenomena take place inside the baked product. Despite the fact that there is no formal mathematical formula that describes in minute detail the baking procedure, there exists a vast gap between professional baking knowledge and professional practice. That is why bread baking times vary from one area to another, depending on factors like personal preference, local availability, cost etc. However, this does not mean that all bakers and cookers will achieve different results.

An Overview

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One of the most critical factors that can affect your bread baking time is the type of oven you use. A glass or ceramic oven will definitely heat faster than steel or enameled one. In order to achieve even heating, it is advisable to place the tray in the preheated oven for only about 10 minutes. This will ensure even browning and lessening of the heat.

Another factor affecting your bread baking time is the internal temperature of your oven. If your oven has a metallic touch, it will heat up faster than one with a glass door. The best way to find out whether your inner oven’s temperature matches the outside temperature is to use a kitchen thermometer. Insert the thermometer into the food center, make a few turns to ensure that the inside of the box reaches the same temperature as the oven.

Basic Tips

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Apart from temperature, some bread machines use different bake speeds. Baking bread at different bake speeds can yield very different results. The rule of thumb is that the faster the bake speed, the bigger the loaf. At low speed, the bread will be more compact and flat. At higher speeds, the bread will have a coarser crumb structure and the top surface will become dry and tough. Higher bake speeds produce the finest bread.

Flour based bread machines are available in a variety of sizes and types. Most bread machines are designed to work with either White or Wheat flour. Wheat flour is used in many traditional breads while White Flour can be used for more complicated breads such as French or whole wheat. The size of your bread maker is an important consideration when purchasing a bread machine. Your machine should be able to handle the volume of bread you intend to bake.

If you intend to make multiple small loaves, a bread baking time of five to ten minutes makes good sense. For a family of four, a time of three to five minutes works well. This allows your breads to be fresh and fully baked on the outside, which will lead to a better experience both for you and your guests.

Consider This Factor

Another factor affecting the baking time is the type of oven you use. An electric or microwave oven can take much less time than a gas oven or convection oven. Gas and convection ovens require you to manually control the oven’s temperature. You can use a timer, but the food can become warm rather quickly.

Many people make bread from scratch using a bread machine. You can purchase a bread machine that comes with the dough in a pre-assembled bread pan. This allows you to simply put the bread in the pan and turn it over every hour or so until your bread turns out perfect. A no-knead bread machine gives you the ability to make bread the easy way without the use of a knife.

The method of heating the bread can also affect the baking time. If you have an electric bread machine, you can heat the bread in the oven before turning it out on the bread pan. This ensures your bread is hot enough to rise while not burning at the crust. However, if you have a microwave, you can bake the bread directly in the microwave. Place the bread into the microwave and turn it on for two minutes. After the first one, you should see the bread starting to brown in appearance.

Final Tip

It is important to always follow the directions for bread baking. You do not want to under cook or overheat your bread. This will lead to inconsistent results and the formation of weak spots on the bread. Also, you will not get as much flavor out of the bread because of uneven heating. Just give it enough time for the bread to rise and you will fine tune your bread making skills.


Bread machines can take away the repetitive nature of kneading. When the dough goes out of the bowl, it will already be ready for baking when you get ready to use it. As long as you know the directions, you will have no problems with your bread baking. If you ever have any questions about your bread baking, it is easy to contact your bread machine manufacturer and get all of the answers you need.

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